cs - Conference System file formats


Messages in the conference system are stored in a four-layer directory hierarchy:

CS Main Directory / | \ conference conference conference / | \ | / \ topic topic topic topic topic topic | | | | | | msgs msgs msgs msgs msgs msgs

The conference system structure begins with a main directory. This directory contains subdirectories for each conference on the system. In turn, these subdirectories contain subdirectories for each topic within the conference. A conference can have a maximum of six (6) topics. Inside of the topic directories are the individual messages.

CS Resource file

Cs requires a resource file, $/etc/rsrc/cs.rsrc, which contains the pathname to the CS Main Directory. The resource file also includes the text that is placed into the Organization field of Internet-bound posts. A typical resource file might look like this:

/a/cs ProLine [pro-sol], Rancho San Diego, CA

The organization information should include the name of the host and its location.

Info Files

Each area in the CS structure may include a file called “info”. Info files contain information relating to the area in which they exist.

For example, upon entering the conference system for the first time, the $/sys/pcs/info file is displayed. When joining a new conference, the info file that resides in the conference’s directory (along with its index and topic directories) is displayed, if it exists. Likewise, each topic directory can contain info files (along with the topic’s messages).

Conference Index Files

Each conference has an index file called “i..” in the conference directory. The index keeps track of the conference moderator’s name, the number of topics in the conference, and other information. The format of these files is given here, though you should never have to edit them directly. The csmod program handles any editing for you.

A typical index file might look like:

mdavis 1,4 news 1,0,7 vaporware:sewall@uconnvm.bitnet:1 0,1227,1327 groups:pro-news-groups@pro-sol; 1,911,985

The first line contains the name of the moderator.

The second line, first number, is a flag: 1=open conference, 0=closed conference. The second number on that line is a count of the number of topics in this conference.

The lines that follow contain information about each topic. A topic has two lines of information. The first line is the topic name (i.e. "news"). If the topic is a networked topic, additional information is provided, separated by colon characters: the network address to which postings are sent, and a flag specifying if signatures are attached to network posts (0=no signatures, 1=attach signatures). The posting address field may also include the formal name of a newsgroup with a semicolon separating the address from the group name.

The line following the topic name contains three numbers:


Flag: 1=read only, 0=read/write


First active message number in the topic


Next usable (unused) message number, this means that this number minus one is the last message that is stored on disk.

User Data Files

The conference system keeps track of the conferences each user is joined to. It also knows which messages a user has read. This information is stored in user’s $/adm directory in a file named csdata.

The first line of a cs membership info file contains the conference name and, after a comma, the number of topics in that conference. The remaining lines specify the last message read plus 1 within each topic. If a user has resigned from that topic, that number is preceded by a hyphen. If a user resigns from a conference, the complete entry for that conference is removed including all the data for the topics within that conference.

Default Membership

If present, new users are automatically joined to the conferences listed in the $/etc/default/csdata file. This file contains the name of each conference, followed by a comma and a zero, on each line. Example:

learn,0 proline,0 apple,0


Initial greeting upon entering cs,
list of conferences with descriptions,
CS resource file,
list of default conferences users join,
index, status and config file for each conference,
data files for each cs member,
help files for CS commands.

See Also

cs(C), csmod(C)